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The 3 types of Patience

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen said:

Patience is of three types:

1. Being patient upon obeying Allah.

By restraining yourself (from things) to carry out actions of obedience.

For example: A man wants to pray, then his soul attracts him to laziness or to sleep or to eat what he has no need for or to talk with friends but he instead made it binding upon himself to pray. This is patience upon Allah’s obedience.

2. Being patient upon not disobeying Allah.

By restraining yourself from doing something impermissible even with the presence of the means attracting you to it.

For example: A man’s soul tells him to fornicate, so he prevents himself from doing so. So we say this is patience in not disobeying Allah. Also what occurred to Prophet Yusuf (alayhissalaam) with the wife of Al-Azeez when she tried to seduce him in the most powerful of ways as she locked all the doors and called him to her. He did not do it even with the strong seducing call and absence of that which could prevent him (alone/doors locked). This is patience upon not disobeying Allah.

3. Being patient upon Allah’s decree.

Indeed Allah decrees for his slave that which is agreeable to his nature and that which is not agreeable. That which is not agreeable is in need of patience, that he retrains himself from resentment of the heart, in speech (wailing) or in action (tearing his clothes) if a calamity befalls him and that he should (instead) say that he is pleased with his lord.

Summarised – Explanation of Nawawe’s 40 Hadith by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Why were the Wives of the Prophet Referred to as “Mothers of the Believers”? Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen

They were called mothers of the believers in regards to respect and having high regard for them and this motherhood does not indicate anything that is impermissible or permissible except for respect because indeed it is obligatory upon all Muslims to respect them. As for the impermissibility of marrying them after the Prophet then that is regarding the impermissibility of demeaning the status of the Prophet wherein his wives are not permissible for whosoever is after him forever.

For this reason the legislator has placed four months and ten days (waiting period) for one whose husband passes away as a form of showing respect for the rights of the deceased husband, for indeed that is from the rights of the deceased. And what indicates this is that a woman waits for four months and ten days even if she still has menstrual cycles or barren. And it is not opposing to this that the waiting period of the pregnant women whose husband dies ends with giving birth to the child even if it is less than four months, because we say: when the waiting period passes she is separated from her husband and is free from him and therefore there is no connection that remains for the husband to her. This is why the waiting period ends by the birth of the child.

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen – Fataawaa nur alaa ad-darb v.12 p.261


When was the K’abah built? By who? And why was it called the K’abah?

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen:

Allah says: {And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) and (his son) Isma’eel (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah)…} [Al-Baqara #127]. Therefore Ibrahim is the one who built the K’abah with the partaking of his son Isma’eel. It has come in some narrations that the K’abah was built in (Prophet) Adam’s time but it (later) collapsed then Ibrahim rebuilt it. And Allah knows best.

As for why it was called K’abah, because it is a squared shaped building and every squared shaped building which has four pillars is referred to as (كعبة) k’abah.

Fataawaa nur alaa ad-darb v.12 p.257

What is required to enter Islam?

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Abbaad said:
Entering islam is not achieved by merely acknowledging Allah’s lordship; that he is The Creator, The Sustainer, The bestower of blessings and The Disposer of all affairs, but rather it’s a must along with this to come with the obligations of this recognition, which is none other than that He, the Most High is singled out with worship and that obedience is made specifically for him alone and that he is not given any partners along with him and that the religion (all religious duties) is performed purely for him.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.31

A reflection upon the worship that many of the people do

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-badr said:
If the intention for other than Allah and giving a share to other Allah along with him enters into worship what will it become? Will it be the worship that Allah created the creation for? He (Allah) has said: {And I did not create the jin and mankind except to worship me} [Adh-Dhaariyaat v.56]. This worship which Allah created the creation for, is it those actions which many of the people practise? They ask Allah and they ask the stones, they worship Allah and they worship the domes, the stones, the trees and other than these. Is this the reason they were created for? Is this the meaning of his saying: {And I did not create the jin and mankind except to worship me} ? Never and certainly not. This is not worship but rather it is shirk (ascribing partners and equals to Allah), because of this worship does not become (true) worship except with Tawheed.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.20

The importance of Tawheed regarding our worship

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq said:
And this is a major principle which every single muslim should know and for this reason i mentioned to you that ibnu Abbas said: “Every command for worship (in the Qur’aan and Sunnah) is a command for Tawheed”, because worship does not become (true) worship except with Tawheed.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.20

What is Zuhd? Sh. Uthaymeen

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen said:
The people of knowledge said that zuhd (asceticism) is leaving off that which does not benefit a persons’ hereafter, in the sense that a person abstains from things that are allowed (permissible) if it is not going to benefit them in the hereafter.
And from the things that aids upon this Zuhd is that a person contemplates about this worldly life and realises that it is a temporary dwelling and not a permanent dwelling; it has not remained for anyone before you so if it did not remain for anyone who preceded you then it will not stay for you.
Allah says: {And We granted not to any human being immortality before you, then if you die, would they live forever?} [Al-Anbiyaa #34]
Meaning; no one has ever lived forever in this world. By this a person comes to know that this world is a dwelling where there is disorder, in that what makes a person happy today may sadden him tomorrow. So when a person comes to know the reality of this world, with his intelligence and eemaan he will abstain from indulging in it and he will not prefer it over the Hereafter.
Allah says: {But, you prefer the life of this world-Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting-Verily! This is in the former Scriptures-The Scriptures of Ibrahim (Abraham) and Musa (Moses)} [Al-Alaa # 16-19]
Fataawaa Noor Alaa Ad-Darb #14

How does a Muslim actualise Tawheed?

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen said:

“Tawheed is actualised by having sincerity in testifying to laa ilaaha illaa Allah, i.e. There is no deity worthy of worship in truth except Allah, The Most High. Therefore, everything that is worshipped besides Allah is false. Allah says: {That is because Allah, He is the Truth, and that which they call upon besides Him is Falsehood, and that Allah, He is the Most High, the Most Great.} [Surah: Luqman Verse: 30].

And Tawheed is actualised – i.e. Tawheed Al-ittibaa’ – by clinging to the sunnah of the Prophet (sallaa Allahu Alayhi wa sallam), and not to deviate left or right, nor to go past and beyond it or to recede (move back) from it.

Source: Fataawaa Noor Alaa Ad-Darb (1/29-30)

Who are the people of Tawheed?

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen said:
“The people of Tahweed are those who worship Allah alone. i.e. They establish sincere worship for Allah alone and follow the Messenger of Allah (sallaa Allahu alayhi wa sallam) in the way they perform (those actions of worship). This is not specific to a certain group of people, but wherever country a person may live in, or whatever tribe they are from, or whatever nationality they are, if one worships Allah alone and follows his messenger (sallaa Allahu alayhi wa sallam) in that regard, then he is from the people of Tawheed.”

Fataawaa noor alaa ad-darb (1/19)

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