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What to do if a person who is argumentative and fond of debating comes to you?

Imam Malik said:

“If a debater comes to you, then make clear the sunnah to him but do not debate him”

Shaykh ibnu Uthaymeen comments: Because if you made clear the sunnah to him, then you have placed the proof upon him between his hands (before him). If he then (still) debates, then he is debating Allah (as the proof/sunnah is from Allah) and he is not debating you. So clarify the sunnah to him and refrain from debating about it (the issue), because what is compulsory upon the one whom the sunnah has been made clear to is to accept it without debating.

Tafsir Surah An-Nisaa V.63

What is required to enter Islam?

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-Abbaad said:
Entering islam is not achieved by merely acknowledging Allah’s lordship; that he is The Creator, The Sustainer, The bestower of blessings and The Disposer of all affairs, but rather it’s a must along with this to come with the obligations of this recognition, which is none other than that He, the Most High is singled out with worship and that obedience is made specifically for him alone and that he is not given any partners along with him and that the religion (all religious duties) is performed purely for him.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.31

A reflection upon the worship that many of the people do

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq Al-badr said:
If the intention for other than Allah and giving a share to other Allah along with him enters into worship what will it become? Will it be the worship that Allah created the creation for? He (Allah) has said: {And I did not create the jin and mankind except to worship me} [Adh-Dhaariyaat v.56]. This worship which Allah created the creation for, is it those actions which many of the people practise? They ask Allah and they ask the stones, they worship Allah and they worship the domes, the stones, the trees and other than these. Is this the reason they were created for? Is this the meaning of his saying: {And I did not create the jin and mankind except to worship me} ? Never and certainly not. This is not worship but rather it is shirk (ascribing partners and equals to Allah), because of this worship does not become (true) worship except with Tawheed.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.20

The importance of Tawheed regarding our worship

Shaykh Abdur-Razzaaq said:
And this is a major principle which every single muslim should know and for this reason i mentioned to you that ibnu Abbas said: “Every command for worship (in the Qur’aan and Sunnah) is a command for Tawheed”, because worship does not become (true) worship except with Tawheed.
Explanation of the 4 principles p.20

Prophet Eesa (Jesus) was a man, a Prophet and a Messenger and he was created by Allah’s command be

Allah says in the Qur’aan:
O people of the Scriptures ! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say about Allah except what is true. The Messiah ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was created) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (soul) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! it is better for you. For Allah is the only One True God, Far Exalted is He above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs.

Surah An-Nisaa verse #171

The Truth and Testimony of Prophet Eesa (Jesus) on the day of judgement

And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O ‘Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say to people: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’ ” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right to. Had I said it, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.
Surah Al-Maaidah verse #116